Orton Gillingham method (OG) is a program that emphasizes multisensory teaching for dyslexic children. This program offers a structured approach to structured and sequential phoneme-based and put the whole language experience and focus on letter sounds, blending these sounds into syllables and words, rules of reading and spelling.
In addition, this approach relies on the language interaction aspects of visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The orton gillingham training makes students become independent learners who can correct them self (self-correcting). Orton-Gillingham lesson in practice can incorporate techniques of spelling and reading along with the activity.
1. Drill cards; using the cards on the market or made by the teacher, and it contains the regular letter patterns to strengthen the visual modality: phonemes (sounds) for strengthening auditory and kinesthetic, as well as syllables and words to help develop the skills of blending.
2. A list of words and phrases.
3. Phonogram spelling separation, as well as the phonetic and non-phonetic words.
4. Handwriting; note pencil grip, writing posture and letter form. It is also tracing, copying and exercise, and make the right cursive connections phonetically.
5. Composition; give an encouragement to make the written sentences, paragraphs, and short stories.
The stage in the Orton-Gillingham teaching process is as follows:
1. To start, some letters are taught (for vowels and consonants).
2. Each letter is introduced with a keyword.
3. Once children mastered the names and sounds of letters, the program continued with the introduction of letters and sounds blending (mixing).
4. The association of visual and auditory kinesthetic formed by children to trace, copy and write each phonogram. Children are taught the phonograms, concepts and rules of spelling, so they can read and spell unknown words by following the same spelling pattern.
5. Reading the text or script begins after your child mastered the consonant-vowel-consonant words at a high level of spontaneity, which is when they can recognize and use those words.
Blending letters, phoneme’s sounds and English phonetic introduction can begin after the child knows two letters that can be combined together. For example, after learning vowel “a” in the word “apple” and the consonant “m” in the word “maple,” then the child can read the sound [am]. The goal is to teach children to subtly to mention the sound is the same, so it should not be heard two sounds phonemes [a] and [m].
There are two important factors to teach blending. First, it is important to start blending with the phonogram that can maintain a continuous sound than the stopped consonants sound such as [t]. These letters sound continuous, such as: [m], [s], [n], [f], [l], [v], and [z]. That phoneme’s sounds can be forwarded or stopped. Blending begins with a vowel (v) – consonant (c) and the “cv” and evolves with “cvc”, “ccvc”, “ccvcc”, up to words with many syllables. Second, blending sounds together should only be done with proper phonogram.
In addition, there are dyslexia schools provided by kildonan.org that use Orton Gillingham. They offer a method that can cultivate an understanding of the concepts and phoneme’s sounds. Orton Gillingham method can develop meta cognitive skills and exercises to build understanding. Likewise, of the learning process, the program offered by kildonan.org is concerned with learning and playing according to joy full approach. In the OG approach, the dynamic aspects are also important. It shows creativity to develop games can complement, expand and clarify many language skills.
Above OG program advantages, strengthened by an expert who has developed programs and strategies for the dyslexic children. He ensured the crucial thinking and learning skills will develop beside the basic skills decoding that need by dyslexic children, as well as essential for reading fluency.
Based on these advantages of OG method mentioned above, kildonan.org as one of the leading independent dyslexic schools believe the implementation of OG learning will improve reading skills in elementary school and can be adopted and applied in the regular curriculum along with other normal students.